The goddess of truth
Symbols: ostrich feather, scales
Depiction: Depicted as a seated or standing woman, Maat held an ankh in one hand and a specter in the other. She wore an ostrich feather in her hair. Some depictions showed Maat as a woman with an ostrich feather for a head or with wings attached to her arms.
Mythology: A positive force in the life of the ancient Egyptians, Maat was the goddess of truth, order, and Egypts physical and moral law. Maat had eight children with Thoth; one of these children was the god Amon. Together with Ammut, Maat judged the souls of the dead in the "Hall of the Two Truths, Maaty. Before a soul could enter the afterlife it had to pass judgment. To judge whether a soul was worthy of entering the afterlife, the deceaseds heart was placed on one side of the Scales of Truth and the feather of Maat on the other side. If the heart, where the Egyptians believed the soul dwelled, was heavy with sins and out
weighed Maats feather, Ammut ate the soul, dooming it to eternal death. If the heart weighed equal to Maats feather the soul earned eternal life in the Duat. The ancient Egyptian word maat means truth.
Maat served as a guide to Re, the sun god, as he made his journey across the sky in his boat. Maat guided the Egyptian pharaohs in their journey through life having been set in place as principles to live by when the world was formed. If a pharaoh failed to uphold the truth, maat, then the chaos that existed before Maat would return and the world would be destroyed.